The infamous "Bohemian Brigade" was a band of reporters, artists who formed a social and working group during the Civil War.
"They have shared the soldiers' fare; they have ridden and waded, and climbed and floundered, always trusting in lead pencils and keeping their paper dry."
New York Herald Headquarters on the Virginia Campaign Trail
Edmund Stedman
Theodore Davis of NY Tribune
George Alfred Townsend
Young Theodore Davis of NY Tribune
Franc B. Wilkie of New York Times
Frank Vizetelly-Artist/correspondent for Illustrated London News
Albert D. Richardson of New York Tribune
Murat Halstead
The editor-in-chief and

special correspondent for the
Cincinnati Commercial
James Gordon Bennett
Thomas Nast-Artist for Harper's Weekly
Self Portrait of William Waud sketching the U.S. Steamer Mississippi in action(May 31, 1862). This is the only known likeness of Willliam who was a very private person. He was employed by Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper.
Junius Browne of the New York Tribune
James E. Taylor of Frank Leslie’s Illustrated
Alfred Waud at Alexander Gardner's studio in Washington, circa1865 carte de visite.
The Boston Journal's real Army Correspondent,
Charles Carleton Coffin.
A Carte de Visite of Cahrles Coffin. CDV courtesy of Leon Basile's Colllection.
Winlsow Homer later in life
Winslow Homer - Artist of the Illustrated Times
William Howard Russell
London Times. CDV courtesy of Leon Basile's Colllection.
Whitelaw Reid of the New York Tribune
Edwin Lawerance Godkin
London Times
William Howard Russell
London Times
George Smiley
New York Times
Charles Colburn, N.Y. Herlad, Charles C. Coffin, Boston Journal, Julius Browne, William Davis Cincinnati Gazetter, L.L. Crounse, "New York Times, W.D. Bickham, Cincinnati Commerce, Thomas W. Knox, New York Herald. CDV courtesy of Leon Basile's Colllection.
Two artists working on Lookout Mountain, Theadore Davis and James Walker
Artists pose in creative fashion Theodore Davis and James Walker
Frank Leslie founder of the Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper
Henry Louis Raymond founder of the New York Times
Charles Dana of the New York Tribune
Thomas Morris Chester of the Da Capo Press, New York, only Black Reporter of the time
Horace Greeley of the NY Tribune
Edwin Austin Forbes of Frank Leslie's Illustrated


ADVANCES IN ANTEBELLUM JOURNALISM

1835 James Gordon Bennett founds the NEW YORK Herald ; SAMUEL MORSE INVENTS MORSE CODE; FIRST SUCCESSFUL CARRIER PIGEON FLIGHT CONNECTS LONDON TO PARIS

1837 shorthand invented

1841 Horace Greeley founds the new york tribune

1842 LONDON ILLUSTRATED NEWS FOUNDED

1844 TELEGRAPH INVENTED

1846 GEORGE KENDALL OF THE NEW ORLEANS PICAYUNE TRAVELS TO MEXICO TO BECOME THE FIRST u.s. WAR CORRESPONDENT

1849 ASSOCIATED PRESS FORMED

1855 FRANK LESLIE’S ILLUSTRATED NEWSPAPER FOUNDED

1857 HARPER’S WEEKLY FOUNDED

1860 THE UNITED STATES HAS 2,500 NEWSPAPERS AND 50,000 MILES OF TELEGRAPH WIRE

NEARLY 500 CORRESPONDENTS COVERED THE CIVIL WAR (ROUGHLY 350 FOR THE NORTH AND 150 FOR THE SOUTH), PUBLISHING MORE THAN 100 MILLION WORDS, NEARLY 50,000 A DAY, REVOLUTIONIZING JOURNALISM IN AMERICA AND THE WORLD.



CIVIL WAR CORRESPONDENTS

A partial roster of the north‘s
“Bohemian Brigade,”
1861-1865

CAPITALIZED NAMES were Editors or Publishers
Italicized Names were Special Artists


Boston Journal
Benjamin Poore
Charles Coffin

Chicago Tribune
JOSEPH MEDILL
T. Herbert Whipple
Ralph Kaw
Llewellyn Curry
A. H. Bodman
Richard J. Hinton
Charles Ray
J. A. Austen
Irving Carson (killed at Shiloh 1862)


Cincinnati Daily Gazette
James Allen Davis (1861-1862)
Joseph Glenn
Joseph B. McCullagh
Whitelaw Reid
William E. Davis
W. S. Furray

Frank Leslie’s Illustrated
FRANK A. LESLIE
William Waud
Eugene Benson
Joseph Becker
Edwin Forbes
F. C. H. Bonwill
E. S. Hall
George Law
Frank H. Schell
Henry C. Lovie

Harper’s Weekly: A Journal of Civilization
Winslow Homer
Theodore R. Davis
Henry Mosler
Alfred R. Waud
F. Meyer
George William Curtis
James Allen Davis (1862-1865; fictitious)


Missouri Republican
Lucien Barnes

New York Evening Post
Richard C. McCormick
Charles Nordhoff
George W. Nichols

New York Herald
JAMES G. BENNETT
Stephen R. Fiske
Henry Villard
William B. Shaw
Thomas W. Knox
Sylvanus Cadwallader
Frederic Hudson
Finley Anderson
James Nye Ashley
Solomon T. Bulkley
Frank Chapman
Nathaniel Davidson
J. P. Dunn
Edwin F. DeNyse
Henry M. Flint
Charles H. Farrell
James C. Fitzpatrick
Charles H. Hannam
G. W. Clarke
John A. Brady
L. W. Buckingham
Hiram Calkins
S. M. Carpenter
Charles H. Graffan
Leonard A. Hendrick
George W. Hosmer
Malcolm Ives
Randolph Keim
William H. Merriam
Galen H. Osborne
William F.G. Shanks
Oscar G. Sawyer
George Alfred Townsend
J. H. Vosburgh
Henry Wikoff
Theodore C. Wilson

New York Illustrated News
Thomas Nast
Arthur Lumley
F. H. Bellew


New York Times
HENRY J. RAYMOND
George Forrester Williams
George Salter
Fitz-James O’Brien
Charles H. Webb
Joseph Howard, Jr.
Charles L. Brace
Ben C. Truman
Franc Wilkie
William Conant Church
Frank Henry
James M. Winchell
Elias Smith
William Swinton
E. A. Paul
Henry J. Winser

New York Tribune
HORACE GREELEY
John F. Cleveland
J. B. Chadwick
Edmund C. Stedman
Thomas B. Aldrich
Albert D. Richardson
(ALBERT DEANE RICHARDSON of the New York Tribune was captured with two other correspondents near Vicksburg in 1863 and held in Confederate prisons in Virginia and North Carolina until he and his companions made a dramatic escape late in 1864, traversing miles of snowstorms and guerrilla-infested countryside to reach the safety of Union lines in Knoxville, Tennessee. )

Charles A. Dana
Samuel Wilkeson
George Ripley
George Bowerem
A. Homer Byington
John Davenport
Junius Browne
Charles D. Brigham
Sydney Howard Gay
Charles Congdon
Thomas Butler Gunn
James E. Harvey
Fitz Henry Warren
William A. Croffut
Adams Sherman Hill
Edward H. House
James B. Hammond
T. C. Grey
John E. Hayes
Arthur Henry
E. H. Jenny
William Kent
Melville D. Landon
D. J. Kinney
Francis C. Long
John L. McKenna
J. Warren Newcombe
John Noyes
Nathaniel Paige
Charles Anderson Page
H. O. Olcott
Franklin J. Ottarson
James Shepherd Pike
William S. Robinson
T. A. Post
James Redpath
Samuel R. Weed
Henry E. Wing


New York World
MANTON MARBLE
Beverly S. Osbon
George W. Adams
David Croly
John T. Quigg

Philadelphia Inquirer
Henry Bentley
Edward Crapsey
William W. Harding
Uriah Painter

Philadelphia Press
JOHN W. FORNEY
John Russell Young
Thomas Morris Chester
(THOMAS MORRIS CHESTER was a free African American correspondent who had lived in Liberia, Africa, and was one of the first Northern reporters to visit the Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia, after it fell to Union forces on April 2, 1865.)


Springfield Republican
Samuel Bowles
Samuel Fiske (killed at The Wilderness 1864)


JOURNALISM IN THE CIVIL WAR, 1861-1865
A Bibliography compiled by Torin R. Finney, torinfinney@yahoo.com
(AKA J.A. Davis, Special Artist Correspondent, Harper's Weekly)
Andrews, J. Cutler. The North Reports the Civil War. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1955. Paperback reprinted 1985. See also The South Reports the Civil War by the same author.
Beckett, Ian F.W. The War Correspondents: The American Civil War. Dover, New Hampshire: Alan Sutton, 1993.
Blackett, R.J.M., ed. Thomas Morris Chester: Black Civil War Correspondent. New York: Da Capo Press (published with special arrangement from Louisiana State University Press), 1989.
Caren, Eric C., ed. Civil War Extra: A Newspaper History of the Civil War. Edison, New Jersey: Castle Books, 1999.
Dawson, William Forrest, ed. Edwin Forbes: Civil War Etchings. New York: Dover Publications, Inc., 1985.
Farnsley, Michael, ed. Alfred R. Waud Civil War Journal & The Bohemian Brigade. http://www.bohemianbrigade.com.
Grafton, John. The Civil War: A Concise History and Picture Sourcebook. Mineola, New York: Dover Publications, 2003.
Hankinson, Alex. Man of Wars: William Howard Russell of The Times. London: Heinemann Books, Ltd., 1982.
Harris, Brayton. Blue & Gray in Black & White: Newspapers in the Civil War. Washington, D.C.: Brassey's, Inc., 1999.
Lowenfels, Walter, ed. Walt Whitman's Civil War. New York: Da Capo Press, 1960.
Maihafer, Harry J. The General and the Journalists. Washington, D.C.: Brassey's, Inc., 1998.
Miller, Ilana D. Reports From America: William Howard Russell and the Civil War. Sutton Publishing, 2002.
Morrison, Taylor. Civil War Artist. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1999 (especially for younger readers).
Perry, James. A Bohemian Brigade: The Civil War Correspondents. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2000.
Ray, Frederic E. "Our Special Artist": Alfred R. Waud's Civil War. Mechanicsburg, Pennsylvania: Stackpole Books, 1994.
Simpson, Marc. Winslow Homer Paintings of the Civil War. The Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, 1988.
Starr, Louis M. Bohemian Brigade: Civil War Newsmen in Action. Madison, Wisconsin: The University of Wisconsin Press, 1954. Reprinted 1987.
Thomas, Benjamin P., ed. Three Years With Grant: As Recalled by War Correspondent Sylvanus Cadwallader. Lincoln, Nebraska: The University of Nebraska Press, 1996.